Posted on November 29. 2023 at 18:27Miss à jour till November 29. 2023 at 18:45
Is that this affirmation that public energy has been decided by the granting of recent rail transport, or does it point out that the monetary assets of the SNCF should not all the time ample? In 2022, the corporate’s return on public accounts will attain 20 billion euros, over the past six years.
That is the resort of the examine revealed by the web site Fipeco, which focuses on public finance issues. Search for a spread of various contributions from the state or native teams, in addition to monetary subsidies for operation and investments supplied by the Particular Chemical Social Safety System assistants.
This addition represents as much as $20 billion, which compares to $13.7 billion in accordance with the Spinetta report in 2016 (+45% in six years), or to $17 billion in 2020 (+17.6% in deux ans). ) Calculations additionally seem on a pre-installed Fibeco technique that comes from the Sénat.
Poids sur les Funds publiques
“The quantity of 20 billion euros doesn’t matter for public funds. All these overheads are delayed greater than in these current years as a consequence of inflation, however the fixed improve is even greater,” the spirit of François Ecal, previous choose of the Courtroom of Accounts and creator of Fipeco.
The growth of subsidies and repair contracts that the state and areas have handed by means of permits them to change into conscious of what’s funded by the general public authority, and so forth. to contribute. As a substitute, that is what mitigates the working prices of SNCF.
Just lately, $6.8 billion was recorded in 2022 within the SNCF areas for the exploitation of TER and Transilien trains in Ile-de-France. Beneath these situations, the railway firm will return to monopoly standing, and the settlement is not going to occur earlier than 2025. The state additionally funds intersections price greater than $400 million. These are variously given by contributing nicely along with what’s paid by the traveler on the prepare boat.
Final on this class, compensation for entry to TER and Transilien ($2.9 billion) was paid by Etat à SNCF Réseau, the infrastructure division. He obtained a complete of 10.1 billion euros for the working prices group. « Public administration texts symbolize the minimal motion » of the administration of metal works carried out in France by SNCF, estime Fipeco.
Within the course of, the examine observe additionally consists of state and regional funding subsidies supplied by the SNCF, with a purpose to purchase the Rams and the community. There are 6.2 billion overhead bills for the funding group, which is helpful in acquiring virtually exclusivity for the railway firm whereas awaiting the arrival of the settlement.
The Fipeco memo famous that the social safety of chemical compounds continues to hunt public accounts, even when the legislation on new brokers working since 2020 has been handed. The nation additionally quantities to three,2 billion in stability subsidies within the personal system de retretis.
If a few of the cash devoted to the job, by means of funding and social safety, is added (with out a rise of 800 million in curiosity costs to the state), we can be doing this by an element of 20 billion. For François Ecal, this key represents a “warning sign”: “Certes le Ferroviaire est nécessaire pour la Transécional écologique, mais ce n’est pas une raison pour faire n’importe quoi sur les coûts. The query of effectivity doesn’t work », estimate t-il.
The latter confirms the distinction in research that point out that “while you evaluate the subsidies supplied by nations for railways (holding the prepare kilometer criterion), it’s a lot greater in France.” The SNCF promised a complete productiveness effort in 2018, bringing in €35 billion of cash for the state, in addition to the previous Courtroom of Accounts choose that “this relaxation will be seen within the chips.” ».
This imaginative and prescient of decisions is the life contested by the SNCF. For the railway firm, with regard to the monetary prices supplied by the overall labor power, investments and the social safety system, Fipeco doesn’t “add cash and carrots”, in accordance with the course of the group.
On the floor, the latter means that these prices could tire the family because of the power worth flame. «It eliminates vital mountains of investments, which displays the desire to develop railways by means of the French service», in accordance with the course of the SNCF. In truth, funding subsidies—doubling in six years—symbolize a sum of cash that grows stronger over the interval.
The metal firm additionally advocates that recoverable economies should not prevented. “The 2018 reform requires that we see constructive free money stream by 2022, which we are going to obtain within the final and first semester of 2023,” the group’s course mentioned.